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Learning Framework


Energy appears in different forms including movement (kinetic energy), heat and potential energy, and causes change within systems.


Students will explore sharing finite resources with other people and other living things. 

Students will look at their own and the global reliance on energy and the disparity between local and global communities and the human impact for those in developing countries, who have limited resources.


  • Investigating and outlining
  • Hypothesising and reasoning
  • Interpreting, analysing and concluding

Resource Key

When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:

 LEVEL 1: ‚Äč
brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)

provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Key Terms

Energy and systems

A short, simple explanation of energy transformation.


Law of conservation of energy

This video uses a tyre swing to demonstrate the law of conservation of energy. The law states that energy cannot be created or destroyed. The video shows that a swing's energy changes between potential energy and kinetic energy as it moves. A force called friction gradually changes the energy of the swing into heat energy (thermal energy).

Encyclopædia Britannica. (n.d.). Energy transformation. Britannica School. Retrieved April 4, 2023, from


This video outlines the three major methods of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation.

Wisc-Online. (2021, August 3). Heat transfer: Conduction, convection, and radiation [Video]. YouTube.


Online Encyclopaedia

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Compiled and created by L. Cavallaro April 2023