- ndustrial Revolution, in modern history, the process of change from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing. These technological changes introduced novel ways of working and living and fundamentally transformed society.
BBC. (2021, August 25). The origins of the Industrial Revolution. BBC Bitesize. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/topics/zm7qtfr/articles/z6kg3j6
Working conditions and responses
In this episode, Tony takes a deeper look into Quarry Bank Mill to discover what conditions the men, women and children all had to deal with when they worked there.
The economic developments of the 1800s saw the development of agrarian and handicraft economies in Europe and America transform into industrial urbanised ones.
- The Industrial Revolution, a period best known for mass advances in technological development, not only changed the course of human history, but the history of our planet itself. The technological advances created throughout this period greatly improved the quality of life of many.
Impact and social conditions
Lacking in regulation, oversight and, in some cases, basic knowledge of disease and how it’s spread, the lower class citizens and factory workers of this time lived in literal squalor.
- The Industrial revolution promoted the world's first industrial and consumer-oriented society in Britain.
- Although the Industrial Revolution had already begun, Britain in 1800 had changed little in centuries. It was a rural country, dominated by agriculture.
- Throughout this period, fluctuating grain prices at times of poor harvest resulted in many families struggling to pay for their basic item of food: bread. Perhaps one in 10 families remained below the ‘breadline’ over the period, increasing to nearly two out of every five families in times of food shortage.
Australia and the Industrial Revolution
- When we think of the Industrial Revolution in Britain with its steam engines powering machines, the mass production of goods, thousands of poor farming families leaving the countryside to work in ‘satanic’ mills and factories and the rise of the wealthy middle class, it’s hard to see how this could be applied to Australia.
- Timeline of Australian history developed by the National Museum of Australia.