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Smullen, B. (n.d.). IB Biology 3.5 genetic modifcation and biotechnology. Retrieved May 24, 2018, from 

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Key Terms

Genetic Modification

  How are organisms genetically modified?
Genetic engineering is the modification of an organism's phenotype  by manipulating its genetic material. Some genetic engineering uses the principle of recombination.

  Genetically Modified Foods
Genetic engineering offers a time-saving method for producing larger, higher-quality crops with less effort and expense. Yet such benefits must be balanced against the risks of changing the genetic makeup of organisms.

  Food - genetically modified (GM)
Some foods include ingredients (for example, soy beans) that have been genetically modified (GM), or are made using ingredients derived from GM organisms (for example, GM yeast). GM ingredients come from organisms that have had their genetic material altered using non-traditional breeding methods known as gene technology.

  How can you tell if they are real or modified?The article discusses the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food as of August 2014. Topics include legislation passed in Vermont requiring the labelling of GMO foods, a survey from Rutgers University showing that three out of four Americans support the labelling of GMO foods, the health risks associated with the consumption of GMO foods, and a study from researchers at Washington State University on the effect of GMOs on the environment.

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Created by Luciana Cavallaro 2017 | Updated July 2020