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Smullen, B. (n.d.). IB Biology 3.5 genetic modifcation and biotechnology. Retrieved May 24, 2018, from https://www.slideshare.net/smullen57/ib- 
biology-35-genetic-modifcation-and-biotechnology

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 LEVEL 1: ‚Äč
brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)

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provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

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lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Key Terms

Genetic Modification

  How are organisms genetically modified?
Genetic engineering is the modification of an organism's phenotype  by manipulating its genetic material. Some genetic engineering uses the principle of recombination.

  Genetically Modified Foods
Genetic engineering offers a time-saving method for producing larger, higher-quality crops with less effort and expense. Yet such benefits must be balanced against the risks of changing the genetic makeup of organisms.

  Food - genetically modified (GM)
Some foods include ingredients (for example, soy beans) that have been genetically modified (GM), or are made using ingredients derived from GM organisms (for example, GM yeast). GM ingredients come from organisms that have had their genetic material altered using non-traditional breeding methods known as gene technology.

  Genetically modified organisms
Genetically modified organisms are produced through genetic engineering and biotechnology and basically involve genetic modifications in which genetic material is added or removed to alter the genetic structure of the organism. 

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Created by Luciana Cavallaro 2017 | Updated July 2020