History and Archaeology
Article discussing the search for shipwrecks and use of equipment.
Studying shipwrecks can help us understand the past, connect us to our cultural heritage, and teach us lessons on how the environment and human error can damage each other.
“The technological advances that have taken place over the last few years are fantastic. A human diver can only work down to about 30 metres, and the vast majority of shipwrecks are much deeper than that. Underwater robotics, sensors, robots and control systems are now making it possible to obtain completely new insights into what’s on the seabed,” he says [Øyvind Ødegård, marine archaeologist]
Off the Bulgarian coast, just over a mile beneath the surface of the Black Sea, archaeologists have discovered what they believe is the world’s oldest intact shipwreck.
Blog post on the current projects undertaken by MAP and the technologies used to locate shipwrecks.
The use of aerial survey and sonar explained in detail.
The searchers were using ship-borne sonar to find steel containers that fell from the ship MSC Zoe during a storm in January, when they spotted something on the seafloor north of the Dutch island of Terschelling.
A discussion paper on the impact of corrosion on shipwrecks.
Identification of corrosion products on non-ferrous metal artefacts recovered from historic shipwrecks off the coast of Western Australia has provided conservators with useful information regarding the nature of the degradation processes on copper, brass, bronze, silver, lead and pewter artefacts.
Ian MacLeod studies the rates of corrosion of metals and wood exposed to seawater for long periods of time.
[A team of] sailors and scientists surveying a sector of the Black Sea for clues about how prehistoric humans responded to rising sea levels have found something much different—41 well-preserved shipwrecks spanning over a thousand years of history, from the ninth century to the 19th century.
The article discusses difficulties in underwater excavation.
Conservation scientists and conservators at the Western Australian Museum conduct research to develop new and improved techniques for ensuring the long-term preservation of our underwater cultural heritage sites. This article focuses on the unique conservation methods applied to the James Matthews shipwreck site.
UNESCO site with links to preservation, conserving and protecting historic shipwrecks.
Archaeological materials in Australia are generally uncovered from early colonial occupation sites, marine environments, burial sites or ruins. They can be made from a wide range of inorganic and organic materials including metals, stone, ceramics, bone and skin, wood and plant fibres.
The Maritime Archaeology shipwreck artefact database is a searchable index for artefacts that have been recorded by the Maritime Archaeology department.
The Batavia was the impressive new flagship of the Dutch East India Company, and it was during its maiden voyage to its namesake in Java that it struck a reef in the Abrolhos Islands, some 80 kilometres off the Western Australian coast.
The Batavia left Texel, Holland on her maiden voyage to the exotic East Indies as the flagship of the Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC) fleet of 1629. She was commanded by one of the VOC's most experienced merchants, Francisco Pelsaert, but not even he could have foreseen what was in store for the Batavia and her crew.
Almost 400 years ago, in the hours before dawn on 4 June 1629, a flagship of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) was wrecked upon Morning Reef near Beacon Island, some 60 kilometres off the Western Australian coast.
The shipwreck and bloody aftermath of the Dutch merchant vessel Batavia is a fascinating tale of maritime treachery, murder and heroism, unparalleled in Australian maritime history.
Madness, mutiny and murder. The story of the Batavia is a wild ride.
With tales of murderous mutiny, the Batavia Shipwreck off the coast of Geraldton is one of Western Australia's best known historic dive sites.
Archaeologists have discovered a new communal grave tied to an infamous and bloody 1629 mutiny of Murder Island.