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Library & Innovation Centre


Learning Framework


Audience imperatives, characterisation, genres, purpose, setting, style and theme.


Students understand that texts use specific conventions to communicate their purpose and themes, and that conventions shape the audience's response.


  • Thinking
  • Communication
  • Social

Resource Key

When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:

 LEVEL 1: 
brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)

provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Definition of Fantasy

Fantasy Fiction Definition – What’s the best definition for the fantasy fiction genre? Fantasy genre stories revolve around magic or supernatural forces, rather than technology. Stories from the fantasy genre are set in fanciful, invented worlds or in a legendary, mythic past that rely on the outright invention of magic. Knights, wizards, kings, and dragons are all common in fantasy, but aren’t always required. Swordplay, archery, horseback riding, and spell-casting are also staples of the fantasy genre.

 @. (2014). Fantasy Fiction Definition - Complete List of Book Genres. Retrieved September 12, 2016, from 


  The Fantasy Genre

How does fantasy differ from science fiction and fairy tales?

  • Science fiction stories also operate outside the normal boundaries of the real world but they are usually set in the future and involve the wonders of technology
  • Fairy tales are shorter than most fantasy works. Characters and settings lack specificity. Seldom are place names given or detailed descriptions of characters provided in fairy tales; nuances and subtleties of portrayal are deliberately ignored. 


Fantasy literature is a genre, or type, of fiction. Fantasy stories are about magical people or beings that exist in fantastic or strange worlds. These stories provide entertainment for adults and children alike. 

  Elements of Fantasy

A short video on the elements of Fantasy.

  Genre Fiction as Literature

Fantasy has the longest and richest literary heritage of all of the forms of genre fiction. Indeed, fantasy could be said to be the progenitor from which the other forms came from. Fantasy's habit of taking real-life situations and characters and introducing them into a world where unexpected (and unexplainable) things happen has resonated with readers since the earliest days.

  Character creation in book and film

What are some of the ways novelists create the characters in their books? Are these options available to writers of movie screenplays? Listen to renowned screenwriter John Collee as he describes the importance of action in revealing character, using the film adaptation of 'The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe' as an example.

First shown on ABC's Jennifer Byrne's Presents 9 March 2010

  The lion, the witch and the wardrobe by C. S. Lewis

Literature study guide by Spark Notes

Key terms